한국과 중국, 일본이 포함되어 있는 동북아시아 지역은 러시아, 몽골 및 미국과 긴밀한 관계를 유지하며, 전 세계에서 가장 빠른 경제성장을 지속하고 있는 지역 중 하나이다. 반면 냉전 종식 후 민족주의에 따른 대립으로 인해 지역안보는 아직까지 불안한 상황이다. 동북아시아 지역이 지속적으로 발전하기 위해서는 각국의 경쟁력을 활용하여 공동 번영할 수 있는 방안을 마련해야 한다. 북한, 몽골, 극동러시아 및 중국 북동지역의 풍부한 천연자원을 지역발전에 활용하기 위해서는 적절한 인프라 투자가 이루어져야 한다. 또한 에너지 및 환경 분야 역시 막대한 재원조달이 필요한 개발 분야이다. 이러한 개발수요를 충족하기 위한 핵심 수단은 역내 개발 금융 메커니즘을 확립하는 것이다. 이에 본고는 2009년에 발간한 Financing for Regional Economic Integration for Northeast Asia의 속편으로, 동북아시아 개발을 위한 지역개발 금융기관 설립에 관한 논의 현황, 관련 세미나 및 연구결과를 정리하였다.
The Northeast Asian region is one of the most dynamic economic regions in the world, which includes the major players of China, Japan and Korea, with productive linkages to resource-rich Russia and Mongolia and to the United States. In contrast to the region’s robust economic growth regional security has long been fragile, mainly due to the geopolitical condition resulting from the Cold War era.
If the countries in Northeast Asia wish to further their development and prosperity, they will have to learn to harness their dynamic economies and create a region in which peaceful coexistence and common prosperity prevail. Northeast Asia has a northern subregion that includes North Korea, Mongolia, the Russian Far East, and the northeastern provinces of China - an area that is well- endowed with latent natural and human resources. This subregion has the potential of becoming an important source of natural resources for the entire region, and what is needed is to realize that potential through infrastructure investment.
Energy security and environment is for example, an important area of cooperation, as the three major countries are heavily dependent on energy imports and are highly vulnerable to energy crisis. Financing requirements for the necessary cross-border infrastructure are likely to be large, and a regional development bank is a key in meeting that financing need.
This volume, which is a sequel to the first volume, Financing for Regional Economic Integration for Northeast Asia, is comprised of papers, research reports and summaries of a main conference and several specialized meetings, as well as affiliated activities, that took place under this project. The results of this project represent a considerable beneficial to the region and have been carried out in a spirit of cooperation that we esteem.
Introduction and Overview / Lee-Jay Cho
1. A Northeast Asian Bank for Cooperation and Development: Revisited / Lee-Jay Cho and Stanley Katz
1.1. What Area would the Bank Cover?
1.2. Developing a Regional Transportation and Logistics System
1.3. Natural Gas as a New Energy Source
1.4. Developing Telecommunication Infrastructures
1.5. The Rationale
1.6. Who Pays?
1.7. Some Political Implications
2. Role of Northeast Asia after Crisis and NEABCD / Rak Yong Uhm
3. In Support of a Regional Development Bank in Northeast Asia: Provision of Regional Public Goods / Chung Lee
4. The Establishment of the NEADB and the Countermeasure of Local Government: From Conception to Promotion / Li Gangzhe
4.1. Preface: From Conception to Policy
4.2. Suggestions for the Establishment of NEABCD
4.3. Basic Assumptions for a NEABCD
4.4. Strategies and Action Programs for Implementing a NEABCD
4.5. The Possibility of the Establishment of a NEABCD and the Participation of Local Governments
5. Key Points of the Proposal to Establish and Manage a NEABCD / Jaewoo Lee
5.1. Justification for the Establishment of the NEABCD
5.2. Required Public Funding and Financial the Gap in Northeast Asia
5.3. Issues Surrounding the Establishment of the NEABCD
5.4. NEABCD Operations
Conclusion: Future Research Plans
6. Korea Eximbank’s Plan for Financial Cooperation in Northeast Asia / Jai Min Lee
6.1. Brief Description of the Export-Import Bank of Korea
6.2. Plan for Financial Support in Northeast Asia Development
6.3. Financing Instruments
6.4. Cooperation between Kexim and NEABCD
Summary and Conclusion
7. The Prospects of the Northeast Asian Bank for Cooperation and Development / Tsuyoshi Saito
7.2. Northeast Asian Bank for Cooperation and Development
7.3. Responses of Countries and Different National Interests
7.4. Benefits and Problems for Japan
7.5. Future Tasks: What Needs to be Pursued?
Conclusion and Implications
8. Strengthening Northeast Asian Financial Cooperation and Promoting Regional Common Development / Du Qiang
8.2. Tianjin Promotes Financial Reform and Innovation
8.3. Enhancing Financial Exchange and Cooperation in Northeast Asia
Conclusion: Cooperation to Improve the Regional Financial Reform and Innovation 1
9. Financing and Project Management of Cross-border Project of the World Bank and the Asia Development Bank / Ma Junlu
9.1. Introduction to the World Bank Cross-border Projects
9.2. Case Analysis of World Bank’s Cross-border Infrastructure Projects
9.3. Project Finance and Project Management of Asian Development Bank
9.4. A Case Study of Capital Raising and Management of ADB’s Cross-Border Program
10. Asian Financial Cooperation and Asian Bond Fund 2 / Jai Woong Lee
10.1. Asian Financial and Economic Integration: Organizational Behavioral Approach
10.2. Multilateral Asian Cooperative Framework: APEC, ASEAN+3, EMEAP and ASEM
10.3. Characteristics of ASEAN+3 East Asian Countries
10.4. EMEAP (Executives Meeting of East Asia and Pacific Central Banks) and Asia Bond Fund (ABF)
10.5. ASEM as Coordinator between Asia and EU (European Union)
10.6. Performance of Asian Financial Cooperation
10.7. Recent Implementation of the Asian Bond Fund 2
10.8. Future Forecasting
11. Memorandum: NEADB－Future Work & Fast-TrackApproval / Stanley Katz
Summary and Conclusion
Appendix: Agendas and Ulaanbaatar Declaration