한국, 중국, 러시아 등 세계 주요국이 포함되어 있는 동북아시아는 고립된 북한을 비롯한 역내 정치·외교 관계의 불안정성으로 높게 평가되고 있는 경제발전 잠재력이 실현되지 못하고 있는 지역이다. 다만 2018년 6월에 성사된 북미 정상회담을 시작으로 한반도와 동북아 정세에 급격한 변화가 있는 가운데 역내 공동의 평화와 번영을 위한 협력방안 모색을 위한 노력이 긴요한 시점이다.
이에 KIEP-NEAEF는 동북아 경제공동체 추진을 위해 북한을 포함한 동북아 국경간 인프라 연계성 증진 및 한반도 경제협력 및 통합을 위한 동북아개발은행 설립의 주제에 초점을 맞춰 관련 논의 및 연구를 지속하였다. 본 세미나 자료집은 수십 년간 쌓아온 NEAEF의 네트워크를 기반으로 한 2018년 세미나 논의현황 및 주요 연구결과를 정리한 것이다.
The risks of political tensions and military confrontation and war in the Northeast Asian region, triggered by North Korea in particular, has been a critical gap in an otherwise productive network of dynamic regional economic growth. However, this year, the milestone summit between US President Donald Trump and North Korean Leader Kim Jong Eun has resulted in a dramatic change on the Korean Peninsular, prompting greater need for the region to strengthen ties and find mutually beneficial ways to handle tasks ahead.
Toward this end, the KIEP–NEAEF collaborative project seeks to fulfill the need for timely and forward-looking research and meeting activities by focusing on critical issues, such as 1) discussion and emphasis on connectivity in cross border infrastructure developments involving North Korea as an integral part of a broader regional economic community in Northeast Asia, and 2) revisiting the design and establishment of a Northeast Asia Bank for Cooperation and Development (NEABCD) in the context of economic cooperation and integration in the Korean Peninsula.
This volume in the series of proceedings volumes is titled “Momentum for Building a Northeast Asian Economic Community: Emerging Challenges and Opportunities” and comprises summaries of research presentations and discussions at the planning meeting in Honolulu, at the 27th Annual Conference of the Northeast Asia Economic Forum in Sendai, Japan, and at the Honolulu Ad Hoc Group Meeting on Financial Cooperation in Northeast Asia in 2018. The results of this project represent activities that have been contributing to economic dialogues, interactions, and research on common issues for cross-border future economic cooperation in the region, which involves North Korea.
KIEP is grateful to Dr. Lee-Jay Cho, Chairman of NEAEF, for his leadership in implementing the project, and to the authors of the presentations, conference participants and discussants who contributed to this volume.
Drs. Lee-Jay Cho and Hyung-Gon Jeong would like to extend their appreciation to the NEAEF staff for their assistance in the course of the successful implementation of this project, and to Drs. Karla Fallon and Kennon Breazeale for their editorial review and editing of this volume.
Introduction and Overview
Statements by Country Representatives and Keynote Address
Country Representative Statement: South Korea
Country Representative Statement: China
Country Representative Statement: United States
Country Representative Statement: Russia
Country Representative Statement: Mongolia
Part I. Building a Northeast Asia Economic Community and Its Extended Regions
Promoting International Cooperation in Industrial Finance, Propelling High-quality Development of an Asian Economy
Northeast Asia Economic Community Formation and the Role of the Russian Far East
Part II. Cross-border Infrastructure and Special Economic Zones in Northeast Asia
Cross-border Infrastructure and Special Economic Zones in Northeast Asia: Politically Holding Hands and Economically Going Underground
Logistic Connectivity for Northeast Asia
Cross-border Infrastructure in Northeast Asia: Transport and Energy
Part III. Financial Cooperation in Northeast Asia
Financial Cooperation in Northeast Asia: Current Trends and Opportunities
A Review of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
Establishment of the NEADB to Support North Korea’s Economic Development
Part IV. Energy and Environment in Northeast Asia
Trends in Energy Transformation and Policy
Perspective from the United States: Update on US Energy Policy and Technology
Perspective from Korea: New Paradigm for Korean Energy Transition and Policy
Perspective from Japan: Energy Trends and Policy and Northeast Asia Cooperation
Part V. Tourism Cooperation in Northeast Asia
Border Tourism in Northeast Asia
Increasing Tourism through Integrated Resorts—Tourism and Gaming in Northeast Asia
S. Ray Cho and Brendan Bussmann
Current Status and Challenges of Japan’s Inbound Tourism Boom: Evidence from Japan’s City-level Data
Latest Market Trends: Visitors to Japan
Part VI. Panel Discussion on Natural Disaster and Regional Cooperation
Summary of Panel Discussion on Natural Disaster and Regional Cooperation
Part VII. The Honolulu Ad Hoc Group Meeting on Financial Cooperation in Northeast Asia: Proposal for the Northeast Asia Bank for Cooperation and Development (NEABCD) Revisited
Review of Current Situation and Recent Developments in Northeast Asia Regional Cooperation Relevant to Financial Cooperation Opening Remarks
Kwan Yong Park
Recent Developments and NEABCD
Perspective from Japan
Perspective from Korea
Jae Hyung Hong
Perspective from China
Liu Ming and Zhang Jianping
Perspective from the United States
Role and Justification: Why Is the NEABCD Necessary to Meet NEA Financing and Technical Assistance Needs?
Lee-Jay Cho and Stanley Katz
A Review of the Ad Hoc Committee on the NEABCD and the Brief on the Establishment of the NEABCD
Recommendations of the Study on the Establishment of the Northeast Asian Development Bank: The Tokyo Foundation Draft
Update on Northeast China and Efforts Toward an NEABCD
Strategies, Future Plans, and Activities Establishment of the NEADB to Support North Korea’s Economic Development
Promoting the Northeast Asia Development Bank
Promoting Financial Cooperation in Northeast Asia
The NEADB: Securing the Attention of the United States
The NEADB: Considerations and Recommendations for Energy