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발간물

연구보고서

국제사회의 기후변화 대응 인프라 투자와 한국의 정책과제 표지
연구보고서 상세
제목 국제사회의 기후변화 대응 인프라 투자와 한국의 정책과제
저자 문진영, 나승권, 이성희, 김은미
분류 18-07
주제 에너지산업,환경정책
발간일 2018-12-31

   국제사회는 최근 지속가능발전목표(SDGs)와 선진국과 개도국 모두의 기후변화 대응 노력을 촉구하는 파리협정을 채택함으로써 저탄소 기후탄력적(low carbon climate resilient) 경제로의 전환을 추구하고 있다. 저탄소 기후탄력적 경제로의 전환을 위해서는 무엇보다도 ‘기후인프라’에 대한 관심과 투자가 중요하다. 이에 본 연구는 국제사회의 기후인프라 관련 논의와 투자전망을 살펴보고 기후인프라 투자 주체별 재원조성 현황을 분석하였다. 또한 국제사회의 기후인프라 투자 사례를 검토하고 우리나라의 관련 정책과 국내기업의 해외 기후인프라 사업 진출 현황과 애로사항을 조사하였다. 이를 토대로 우리 기업의 해외 기후인프라 사업 참여를 촉진하기 위한 정책방안을 제시하고자 하였다.
   제2장에서는 기후인프라의 개념과 범위에 관한 선행연구를 비교하고 기후인프라 투자의 중요성에 대해 살펴보았다. 본 연구에서 다루는 ‘기후인프라’는 기후변화... 더보기

   The adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Paris Agreement in 2015 accelerated the transition to a low-carbon climate-resilient economy which requires significant investment for both new and existing infrastructure. This study aims to provide policy implications for supporting Korean companies participating in overseas climate-related infrastructure projects.
   Chapter 2 provides a literature review of low-carbon climate-resilient infrastructure and the importance of investment in climate-resilient infrastructure. For the purposes of this study, climate-resilient infrastructure refers to low-carbon climate-resilient infrastructure that contributes to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation efforts to climate change. Investment for low-carbon climate-resilient infrastructure provides new business opportunities and promotes capacity building in developing countries vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. It has been shown that the amount of investment in climate-related infrastructure is steadily increasing, particularly in developing markets. Based on forecasts for infrastructure needs that factor in climate change, this study focuses on three sectors – energy (power), transportation and water – to perform our analyses and case studies.
   In Chapter 3, the current trends of investment for climate-resilient infrastructure provided by multilateral, bilateral and private actors are analyzed. Multilateral development banks and climate funds can bridge recipient countries and private investors. The six major multilateral development banks mobilized an average of $22.05 billion in investment annually in climate-resilient infrastructure projects for the last six years(2012~17), with the energy sector (renewable and energy efficiency) receiving the majority of these funds. Meanwhile, from bilateral perspectives, Korea allocates only 9.3% of its ODA budget into climate-related projects while members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) provide 19.1% of their ODA support for climate projects.
   Since infrastructure projects require significant amounts of funds and inevitably entail risks to be shared among investors, most of the projects are conducted as public-private partnership (PPP) projects. According to the World Bank, private participation in infrastructure increased from $88 billion in 2008 to $150 billion in 2012. Energy and transportation projects received the majority of investment from private and public partnerships in 2017 and the share of energy projects has consistently increased after 2015. In addition, private climate finance and institutional investors are expected to increase their contribution to expanding investment for climate-related infrastructure. With the aim of understanding the impact of climate change and aligning this with investment decisions, the private sector has introduced numerous initiatives and efforts such as the Equator Principles, recommendations from the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures(TCFD), ESG principles and the Green Bond.
   Chapter 4 examines the key features of international climate infrastructure investment and the risk factors associated with various cases, going on to analyze the conditions in Korea and obstacles to overseas investment by Korean companies. First, in light of various previous studies, renewable energy generation, energy storage systems, electric vehicles, BRT, water resource facility and water efficiency programs are suggested as promising fields of international climate infrastructure. However, prior cases of major climate infrastructure investments promoted by multilateral development banks often revealed complexities stemming from how each sector is linked and integrated. Our case analysis of major climate infrastructure projects indicates how various strategies and means for mitigating project risks have been utilized, including support from various multilateral climate funds, financial safety measures such as exchange rate indexation, participation of experts in the international community, and the adoption of comprehensive capacity building programs.
   In Korea, on the other hand, various overseas investment support systems are in operation for general and climate infrastructures, but problems such as insufficient mainstreaming of climate change agendas throughout the support system, lack of a dedicated platform for climate infrastructure, biased support for renewable energy, and lack of experts outside of the EPC areas. Over the past decade, Korean companies have been expanding overseas, mainly in the field of renewable energy. However, as a result of the interviews and informal surveys conducted on participants in climate infrastructure projects, a lack of clear understanding of climate infrastructure, difficulties in financing, lack of domestic and overseas business performance, lack of business development and management capacity were pointed out as the major obstacles that Korean companies face.
   In Chapter 5, based on the results of the previous analysis, the following implications can be derived for government and private initiatives to promote participation in overseas climate infrastructure projects.
   First, it is necessary to establish a comprehensive support system for the whole project including the planning, construction, operation and financing of overseas climate infrastructure projects. To this end, the support system needs to perform various support functions necessary at the initial stages of the project, such as providing a wide range of business information, conducting feasibility studies for the project, and promoting participation in the project by multilateral development finance partners. In addition, the support system can serve as a window for developing projects with domestic GCF implementing organizations and for using various domestic funds. It can also provide a pool of labor that the private sector cannot secure on its own, and support training by experts in related fields.
   Second, the government should improve relevant policy measures to effectively support private sector expansion overseas in climate infrastructure. First of all, the government must provide opportunities for the private sector to participate in projects by utilizing existing infrastructure funds or expanding the contribution of climate infrastructure in policy finance, and should support domestic companies to participate in the process of developing international climate infrastructure projects led by multilateral development banks. The government should also encourage institutional investors such as pension funds and private financial companies to participate in investment projects, and induce these participants to utilize specialized financial instruments such as green bonds. In addition, the government should cooperate with the private sector to develop and propose various business models, and support expert training. Finally, in order to accumulate experience and promote the performance of domestic projects related to climate infrastructure, deregulation and promotion strategies should be prepared beforehand.
   Third, selection and concentration strategies based on promising areas are necessary for efficient utilization of limited investment resources. Based on this analysis of the characteristics of the international market and precedents provided by climate infrastructure project cases, our study identified notable fields such as smart eco-city development, off-grid photovoltaic power generation, disaster response and recovery projects, climate-resilient agriculture and water resource projects.
   Fourth, to encourage companies to participate in investment and promote the development of government policies and regulations, it is necessary to first disclose relevant information based on a common understanding of climate change and to mainstream climate change in corporate and government decision making. First of all, the private sector should strive to transparently disclose information on risk factors, opportunities, and financial impacts associated with climate change, and develop strategies and action plans to mainstream climate change in corporate management and decision-making processes. In addition, the government also needs to redesign the system and policies for overseas infrastructure investment considering the domestic and foreign climate change issues. 

서언


국문요약


약어 표기


제1장 서론
1. 연구의 필요성 및 목적
2. 선행연구와의 차별성
3. 연구의 범위와 구성


제2장 기후인프라 투자 현황과 전망
1. 기후인프라 개요
가. 기후인프라의 개념 및 범위
나. 기후인프라 투자의 중요성
2. 투자 현황 및 전망
가. 인프라 투자 현황
나. 인프라 투자 전망
3. 소결


제3장 기후인프라 투자주체별 재원 조성 및 활용
1. 다자 지원
가. 다자개발은행
나. 다자기후기금
2. 양자 지원
가. OECD 개발원조위원회(DAC) 및 기후변화 지원 마커
나. 국제사회의 기후인프라 지원 및 특징
다. 우리나라의 기후인프라 지원과 과제
3. 민간
가. 민간의 기후인프라 투자 현황
나. 기후인프라 투자 확대를 위한 민간의 노력
다. 새로운 금융수단: 녹색채권


제4장 기후인프라 투자 특징과 장애요인
1. 국제사회의 분야별 기후인프라 투자 특징
가. 분야별 기회요인 및 사례 검토
나. 주요 위험요인 및 대응사례 검토
2. 우리나라의 기후인프라 투자 현황 및 장애요인
가. 기후인프라 투자 관련 지원정책
나. 기후인프라 해외진출 현황 및 장애요인


제5장 결론
1. 요약 및 시사점
가. 기후인프라 개요
나. 기후인프라 투자 주체별 재원 조성
다. 기후인프라 투자와 장애요인
2. 해외 기후인프라 사업 참여를 위한 과제
가. 종합적인 기후인프라 사업 지원체계 수립
나. 민간 지원방안
다. 선택과 집중을 위한 사업기회 모색
라. 정부와 민간의 의사결정에 기후변화 주류화


참고문헌


부 록


Executive Summary 

판매정보
분량/크기 208 판매가격 10000 원
EMERiCs CSF EAER KEI한미경제연구소 통합무역정보서비스 국가정책연구포털 대한민국정부 청탁금지법 통합검색 청렴신문고 개인정보보호위원회

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