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발간물

연구보고서

한국의 대인도 수출경쟁력과 애로요인 분석 표지
연구보고서 상세
제목 한국의 대인도 수출경쟁력과 애로요인 분석
저자 조충제, 송영철, 이정미, 윤지현
분류 18-15
주제 경제협력,무역정책
발간일 2018-12-28

   2018년 7월 문재인 대통령은 신남방정책의 핵심 파트너 중 하나인 인도 나렌드라 모디(Narendra Modi) 총리와 정상회담에서 양국간 교역목표를 2030년까지 500억 달러로 새로 설정했다. 그러나 한ㆍ인도 교역은 2011년 200억 달러를 돌파한 이후 정체된 상황으로 양국 정상간 합의한 교역 목표액의 원만한 달성을 위해 양국 교역의 정체현상에 대한 보다 심도 깊은 연구가 필요한 시점이다. 본 보고서는 인도와의 교역 중에서도 한국의 대인도 수출정체에 초점을 맞춰 분석했다. 대인도 수출정체 요인을 추정했으며, 우리 기업의 대인도 수출경쟁력 제고를 위한 정책 방향과 과제를 제시했다.
   우선 제1장에서는 선행연구 검토를 통해 우리 기업의 잠재적 대인도 수출정체 요인을 분류해 보았다. 선행연구에서 검토된 다양한 요인들을 우리 기업 입장에서 대인도 수출경쟁력에 영향을 줄 수 있는 내부적 요인(경쟁요인)과 기업들이 통제할 수 없는 ... 더보기

   In July 2018, President Moon Jae-in announced the new target of achieving $50 billion in trade between India and Korea by 2030 following a summit meeting with Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India. Despite the Korean government naming India as a key partner in line with its New Southern Policy, trade between the two countries has remained stagnant since reaching the $20 billion mark in 2011. As such, this is a timely opportunity for research that can contribute toward attaining the trade target. This study mainly focuses on Korea’s export to India, identifying the factors contributing to export stagnation, and going on to present policy suggestions to enhance Korea’s export competitiveness in the Indian market.
   Chapter 1 introduces the factors that determine stagnation of trade examined in previous studies, which can be classified into internal and external factors. The former category refers to factors that determine intra-company competitiveness, while the latter factors are those beyond the control of individual companies and which can also be explained as cyclical or structural factors. Based on these factors, the following chapters analyze the main factors that are affecting the stagnation of Korea’s export towards India from various perspectives.
   Chapter 2 identifies three noticeable factors behind export downturns based on the changes in the structures of Indian imports and Korea’s exports to India. The first factor is an expansion of local production and non-tariff barriers in India. The government of India is promoting local production by utilizing the “Make in India” campaign and has been implementing various non-tariff barriers which have contributed to a slowdown in Indian imports. Another factor is the massive expansion of China’s export to India. China’s share in the Indian import market has been increasing rapidly, especially in major categories such as electronic devices, machinery, organic chemicals, steel, plastic and automobile parts. Lastly, Korea’s lack of export capacity also seems to have contributed to export stagnation. There are some items in which Korea’s exports are unable to fully meet India’s import demand, including various plastic polymers, synthetic rubber products, some kinds of machinery, electronic devices, and automobile parts. These products are being replaced by goods from other countries, mostly China, and considering that these represent some of Korea’s main export items, the situation is highly critical.
   Chapter 3 examines changes in the export competitiveness of major items that Korea exports to India. Our results indicate that many of the items that show a deterioration in competitiveness within the Indian market bear relation to the decline in global competitiveness of Korean products. Some other items showed a rise in competitiveness in the global market but declined in the Indian market, which largely seems to be due to lower price competitiveness compared to Chinese products. Meanwhile, changes caused by localization, the India-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA), and non-tariff measures also seem to have had a negative impact on the competitiveness of Korean goods. For example, the expansion of localization in India has led to a decline in the export competitiveness of Korean automobile parts, and the concession ratio of the Korea-India CEPA, set at a less favorable level to the India-Japan CEPA, has had a negative impact on the competitiveness of Korean plastic goods. Moreover, India’s non-tariff measures partially affected the declining competitiveness in Korean exports of organic chemicals, rubber, and steel.
   Chapter 4 examines the internal and external factors of stagnation in Korean exports to India based on the results of a questionnaire survey conducted on 300 exporting companies. The external factors reported as the most influential were excessive competition in the Indian market and decline of Korean companies’ competitive advantages. On the other hand, the lack of competence in locating the local market and securing distribution and sales networks, the decline in productivity and competitiveness of individual enterprises, and the decline in export due to localization were the major internal factors identified. In addition, the low awareness and utilization of the Korea-India CEPA is also likely to have contributed to Korea’s sluggish export to India.
   Based on the above analyses, Chapter 5 examines the factors of export stagnation for individual items by structuring them into a matrix, and presents policy directions and tasks to enhance export competitiveness for the individual factors. In terms of enhancing competitiveness against internal factors, the results suggest that implementing active response measures to changes in India’s industry and demand structure, establishing active partnerships with local companies, and reinforcing intra-company export capabilities through the utilization of the existing CEPA would be beneficial. Against the external factors, the study emphasizes the necessity of strengthening inter-governmental cooperation to build a long-term, stable trade network. Reducing non-tariff barriers, advancing negotiations for the improvement of the CEPA, and establishing a virtuous cycle of trade through localization and the global value chain (GVC) are also recommended.
   This study confirms that the stagnation of Korea’s export to India is not a temporary phenomenon or limited to specific items, and could become prolonged or even permanent. In this regard, Korean companies and the government need to find new breakthroughs to enhance export competitiveness in the Indian market. To this end, it is imperative to build a virtuous cycle between export and investment that can enhance the scope and quality of trade by increasing investment or localization, and constructing bilateral cooperation projects. In order to develop more specific cooperation plans, the government should promote joint research on Korea-India trade, expand business-matching programs, establish a cooperation fund to support collaborative projects between the two nations, and develop a Korean-style manufacturing city within India to promote localization and GVCs. 

서언


국문요약


제1장 서론
1. 연구배경 및 목적
2. 선행연구 검토
3. 주요 연구내용 및 방법
4. 차별성 및 한계


제2장 인도 수입구조 및 한국의 대인도 수출구조 변화와 특징
1. 인도의 수입구조 변화와 특징
    가. 인도 수입 추이
    나. 유형별 수입 변화
2. 한국의 대인도 수출구조 변화와 특징
    가. 한국의 대인도 수출 추이
    나. 유형별 대인도 수출구조
3. 인도 수입구조와 한국의 대인도 수출구조 비교
    가. 인도의 수입 환경 변화
    나. 대인도 수출경쟁 심화
    다. 인도의 수요 변화
4. 소결


제3장 품목별 수출경쟁력 분석: 무역지수를 중심으로
1. 분석범위 및 방법
    가. 분석범위
    나. 분석방법
2. 품목별 분석
    가. 주요 수출 품목
    나. 수출잠재 품목
3. 소결


제4장 수출 애로요인 분석: 설문 및 현지조사를 중심으로
1. 설문조사 개요
    가. 응답기업 특성
    나. 대인도 수출 평가 및 분류
2. 대인도 수출 애로요인 분석
    가. 대인도 수출 감소, 정체의 외부적 요인
    나. 대인도 수출 감소, 정체의 내부적 요인
3. 소결


제5장 수출경쟁력 제고방안 및 결론
1. 품목별 대인도 수출 감소, 정체요인 평가
2. 요인별 수출경쟁력 제고 방향 및 과제
    가. 기업 내부 수출역량 강화
    나. 장기적ㆍ안정적 교역네트워크 구축을 위한 정부간 협력 강화
3. 과제별 세부추진 방안
    가. ‘한ㆍ인도 무역 공동연구ㆍ조사’ 추진
    나. 한ㆍ인도 ‘비즈니스 매칭프로그램’ 확대
    다. ‘한ㆍ인도 협력기금’ 조성을 통한 협력사업 구체화
    라. 현지화, GVC 활성화를 위한 ‘한국형 제조업중심 신도시’ 개발
4. 결론


참고문헌


부록


Executive Summary 

판매정보
분량/크기 240 판매가격 판매예정
EMERiCs CSF EAER KEI한미경제연구소 통합무역정보서비스 국가정책연구포털 대한민국정부 청탁금지법 통합검색 청렴신문고 개인정보보호위원회

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